Breach of Contract Remedies Nz


A breach of contract occurs when one party fails to fulfill their contractual obligations to the other party. This can result in financial losses, damage to reputation, and even legal action. In New Zealand, there are various remedies available to parties who have been affected by a breach of contract.

The first remedy available is specific performance. This remedy requires the breaching party to fulfill their contractual obligations. This remedy is most commonly used in cases where the breach has caused unique and irreparable harm to the innocent party. For example, if a party has contracted to purchase a one-of-a-kind piece of artwork, specific performance may be the only remedy available to them if the seller breaches the contract.

The second remedy available is damages. Damages are a monetary award given to the innocent party to compensate them for their losses resulting from the breach of contract. There are two main types of damages available in New Zealand: expectation damages and reliance damages.

Expectation damages aim to put the innocent party in the position they would have been in if the contract had been fulfilled. This includes compensation for lost profits, expenses incurred as a result of the breach, and any other losses directly resulting from the breach.

Reliance damages, on the other hand, aim to reimburse the innocent party for their losses resulting from reliance on the contract being fulfilled. This includes any expenses or investments made in reliance on the contract being fulfilled.

The third remedy available is termination of the contract. This remedy allows the innocent party to terminate the contract and walk away from the agreement. However, this remedy may not be available in all cases, and the innocent party may still be entitled to damages for any losses suffered prior to termination.

In some cases, parties may also seek injunctive relief, which is a court order requiring the breaching party to stop a particular action or behaviour.

It is important to note that the remedies available for breach of contract in New Zealand may differ depending on the terms of the contract and the specific circumstances of the case. It is advisable to seek legal advice if you believe you have been affected by a breach of contract.

In summary, breach of contract remedies in New Zealand include specific performance, damages, termination of the contract, and injunctive relief. Each remedy has its own benefits and drawbacks, and the most appropriate remedy will depend on the circumstances of the case. Seeking legal advice is crucial to ensure that your rights are protected and that you receive the appropriate remedy for your situation.